prelim_1_study_guide_07 - HD 216 Prelim 1 Study Guide...

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HD 216 Prelim 1 Study Guide Spring 2007 Changes of Adolescence Social Transitions Steinberg, Introduction, pp. 3-19:   Brofenbrenner - ecological perspective, context is part of development Self concept - how a perso defines himself, Self esteem - their view of their self  worth How do different perspectives influence how we define the beginning and ending  of adolescence? Depending on the situation the person is in, adolescence can be  varied Using different perspectives what are some boundaries for the beginning and  end of adolescence? puberty for biologists, 18 for a lawyer, what grade for a  teacher When are early, middle and late adolescence? Early - 10-13, Middle - 14-17,  Late 18-22 What are some other terms for late adolescence? Youth or emerging adulthood What are the components of John Hill’s framework for studying adolescence?  1)  The fundemental changes of adolescence, the contexts of adolescence, and the  psychosocial developments  Explain G. Stanley Hall’s view of adolescence?  The development of the 
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individual paraleled the development of the human species. a notion reffered to  his theory of recapitulation, infancy was equivalent to the time durrin our  evolution when we were primitive like animals.  adolescence is a time that  paralels the time of our civilizations. development mostly biological, little  environment. adolescence is a time of storm of stress. How do psychoanalytic theorists view adolescence?  As a time of upheval,  identity vs difusion, they focus on the interplay of biological and contextual  situations Explain whether learning theories, sociological theories, historical theories, and  anthropological theories stress genetic or environmental components of  adolescent development.  Learning theories - environmental, Sociological  Theories - how adolescents come to age within society greater environmental  view, Historical and anthropological theories - extreme on environmental position,  interest in broader context in which young people come of age, using social,  political and econmic factors. anthropologists look at adolescence as a cultural  experience varying in each country Explain how inventionists view adolescence?  adolescence is an entirely social  invention, the way we divide the life cycle is a reflection of political, social and  economic circumstances in which we live. Explain Margaret Mead’s view of adolescence?  Societies vary considerably in  the ways in which they view and structure adolescence How do current researchers view the storm and stress theory of adolescent  development?  Not backed up by research, however some still agree to a certain extent
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