HD 261 Final Study Guide

HD 261 Final Study Guide - HD 261 Final Study Guide Moral...

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HD 261 Final Study Guide Moral Development - Batson and Thompson (2001) o Moral hypocrisy: when individuals want to appear moral while avoiding the cost of actually being moral o Overpowered integrity Moral integrity: individuals who want to be moral; the initial motive is to be moral o Empirical results 70-80% chose desirable task Of those who flip a coin, 85-90% assign themselves the desirable condition Adding a mirror: to increase self-awareness and reduce discrepancy between the moral standard of fairness and task assignment Exactly half who chose to flip the coin assigned themselves the positive condition 80% chose to have experimenter flip the coin, when given the choice Suggests that participants’ initial motive is moral integrity, not moral hypocrisy The Family - Family systems theory o Family life cycle model : Childbearing transitions (e.g. child birth, early childhood, adolescence) Focus on mother-infant relationship Neglects the role of father and other social influences o Social systems : networks of reciprocal relationships (e.g. infant, father, mother, greater social network sort of like Bronfenbrenner) Entirety of the system more than constituent parts Family social system: the complex network of relationships, interactions, and patterns of influence that characterize a family with three or more members o Family level of analysis: focus on communication, conflict, separatedness and connectedness, cohesion, and adaptation to stress Relations between all family members o Transactional model : parent and child influence each other reciprocally Think Bandura and reciprocal determinism o Belsky Nuclear family : a family unit consisting of a wife/mother, a husband/father, and their dependent child(ren); neglects other members (e.g. grandparents)
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Direct effect : instances in which any pair of family members affects and is affected by each other’s behavior; influences of one family member on another (e.g. attachment) Second order/secondary effect : (indirect/third-party effect) instances in which the relationship between two individuals in a family is modified by the behavior or attitudes of a third family member; influences of a third family member on a dyad (e.g. father) Early work focused only on direct effects and nuclear family (not extended) Links between: Marital relationship, parenting, infant behavior/developing - Historical changes in the family system; Hernandez o Moving off the farm Farm families breadwinner/housewife families dual earner families 2 parent farm family steadily declines; father breadwinner/mother housewife non-farm family steadily increases and peaks in 1950s/60s then fast drop Sharp increase in dual-earner non-farm and 1-parent families o Smaller family size 1865: 82% five or more children 1930: 57% one-three children o Increased schooling 1870: 50% of 5-19 year olds 1940: 95% of 7-13 year olds; 79% of 14-17 year olds - Dimensions of parenting o Acceptance/responsiveness
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