FINAL Anthro 3AC Discussion Study Guide.pdf - Anthropology...

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Anthropology 3AC Introduction to Socio-Cultural Anthropology Professor James Holston Final Exam Study Guide Fall 2018 Instructions: Each student must bring two Blue or Green Books (large format, approximately 8.5x11”) to the exam. The Blue or Green Books must be completely unmarked. Students can use either pencil or pen during the exam. No computers, cellphones, books, or papers will be permitted. Exam date and place: December 12 (Wednesday), 8-11am, in Dwinelle 155 Material covered: Weeks 8.1 – 14.2 (since midterm exam) A. Short Answer Questions Study the following 12 items. The exam will ask you to identify and discuss the significance of 5 out of 8 of them in terms relevant to the course. 1. “Second Spear” : Author: Evans Pritchard Book: Witchcraft, Oracles, and Magic among the Azande Witchcraft Mode of thought – explains why things happen Mode of behavior Mode of social regulations The normalcy of this practice; equating it with other belief systems that people use to rationalize things that would otherwise have no explanation Azande attempt to explain and control unfortunate events and to place things that seem out of human control strictly into social like and within the control of humans Example: if a man is killed by an elephant Azande say that the elephant is the first spear and that witchcraft is the second spear and that together they killed the man Significance The Azande’s method for understanding why things happen Gives random events an explanation This is what the Azande call Witchcraft, which is used to solve problems and to calm things down in a community. This is a system that is used to connect the reasons of the causation. It is also a system of values that is used to regulated human conduct. 2. Rites of passage The liminal set of events that mark your “transition” from childhood to adulthood. These set of events are defined as; seperation, margin, & aggregation. This is covered by Turner in Liminity & Communitas.
3. Dissimilarity index: Who: Massey and Denton What percentage of a particular race would have to move to another neighborhood for the neighborhood to reflect the overall racial composition of the city. The standard measure of segregation is the index of dissimilarity Captures the degree to which blacks and whites are evenly spread among neighborhoods in a city When: 1870s and then before/after WWII The index of dissimilarity gives the percentage of blacks who would have to move to achieve an “even” residential pattern Evenness is defined with respect to the racial composition of the city as a whole If a city is 10% black, then an even residential pattern requires that every neighborhood be 10% black and 90% white. Thus if a neighborhood is 20% black, the excess 10% of blacks must move to a neighborhood where the black percentage is under 10% to shift the residential configuration toward evenness An index of 75% indicates a profound degree of isolation in society Significance This was a tool for measuring segregation in American neighborhoods

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