Civil War Final - The Anaconda Plan The Anaconda Plan was...

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The Anaconda Plan The Anaconda Plan was an idea developed by Winfield Scott to defeat the  Confederacy by blockading the southern and eastern coasts; seizing control of the  Mississippi River, breaking the Confederacy in two and then striking from all sides at a  single moment, therefore, crushing the Confederate resolve. General Scott then  presented the “Anaconda Plan” to President Abraham Lincoln, in greater detail. He told  the president that 60,000 troops should move down the Mississippi boats until they were  able to safely secure the river from Illinois to the Gulf of Mexico, sealing off the South  from the Western half of the United States.  General George McClellan referred to the plan as a Boa-Constrictor striking its  prey. The press than dubbed it the “Anaconda Plan”.  Because of the idea to crush the  Southern oppressors until they could no longer breathe or move, just like an Anaconda  kills its prey. The plan was not adopted, but in 1864 it reappeared as Grant's two front 
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wars, fought in Virginia and Tennessee, pressed the Confederates. General Sherman's  army marched through Georgia to the sea helping to "squeeze” the confederacy to its  eventual death. The Emancipation Proclamation The Emancipation Proclamation was a five page document issued by President  Lincoln on January 1 st , 1863 the dawning of the third year in which the Civil War dragged  on. The Emancipation Proclamation declared "that all persons held as slaves within the  rebellious states are, and henceforward shall be free." Meaning, any slave in a seceded  State were now considered to be free, however, this did not apply to states that  remained loyal to the Union which had still allowed slavery. This was one of several  limitations of the Proclamation.  The Emancipation Proclamation announced the allowance of black men in the  Union Army. The 54 th  Massachusetts is a prime example of the black soldiers. The  movie “Glory” depicts the liberated becoming the liberators. By the end of the war, more 
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