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5-1 Theory Outline Worksheet: Adlerian TheorySouthern New Hampshire University
Title of Theory a.Adlerian Theory II.Associated Theoristsa.Who originated the theory?i.Alfred Adler b.Who are the primary contributors to the theory through its history?i. Sigmund Freud III.Identifying Characteristicsa.Explanation for Personality Developmenti.Nature or Nurture1.The importance of social, family, and cultural influences. (Parsons & Zhang 2014)2.People are neither exclusively preprogrammed by genetics nor solely shaped by environment; they are influenced by both. (Parsons & Zhang 2014)3.He emphasized the importance of social interest (gemeinschaftsgefühl), an internal feeling of connectedness to others and their well-being, to the well-being of the individual. (Parsons & Zhang 2014)ii.What additional forces promote personality development in a human being? 1.He believed in the creativity of the individual, influenced, but not firmly shaped, by heredity and the environment; his approach has been described as “soft determinism” as opposed to “hard determinism” (Ansbacher & Ansbacher, 1956)2.Because people are socially embedded in their needs and identity, the goals that a person pursues and the behaviors, attitudes, and convictions a person dis-plays are seen as directly related to the innate desire to enhance oneself within a social context. (Parsons & Zhang 2014)3.Stages of Adlerian Therapy (Parsons & Zhang 2014)a.Engagement; A trusting therapeutic relationshipis built between the therapist and the person in therapy and they agree to work together to effectively address the problemb.Assessment: The therapist invites the individual to speak about his or her personal history, family history, early recollections, beliefs, feelings, and motives. This helps to reveal the person's overall lifestyle pattern, including factors that might initially be thought of as insignificant or irrelevant by the person in therapy.
c.Insight: The person in therapy is helped to develop new ways of thinking about his or her situation.d.Reorientation: The therapist encourages the individual to engage in satisfying and effective actions that reinforce thisnew insight, or which facilitate further insightb.Explanation for Problem/Issue Developmenti.The family is the fi rst social group that children encounter, one’s attempt to stake out psychological “territory” in reaching self-signifi cance or belonging in this fi rst social group has implications for how individuals assume roles in later nonfamily groups (Carlson, Watts, & Maniacci, 2006)ii.Adlerians consider the importance of birth order, but view the