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BIOL241LabUnit2BoneListFall2019 (3).pdf - BIOL 241 Bolke...

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BIOL 241Bolke Fall 2019revised9/27/191BIOLOGY 241 HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY LAB MANUAL UNIT 2Unit 2--SKELETAL SYSTEMLAB EQUIPMENT: bone boxes, skulls, vertebral column, pelvis, disarticulated bones & skeletons. Thebones that are available for study in the lab are human bones and must be treated with the greatestamount of care and respect. Use carpets and no pencils/pens are to touch the bones. Bones areorganized into boxes by color, please return the bones to that particular box.NOTES:1)Please use the provided carpet pads when studying the bones2)Use a dissecting probe or pin as a pointer, not your pen, pencil, or other instrument which might mark ordamage the bones3)the images in this handout are provided as decoration and inspiration and are not intended to be referencefigures for the learning of skeletal system anatomy.4)The bone test is an “identification only” test, no functions are asked on the bone test.The skeletal system is subdivided into two divisions: the axial & appendicular skeletons. The bones of the axial skeletonare mainly located on the midline or median plane of the body, while the bones of the appendicular skeleton are locatedin the upper and lower extremities and the girdles which attach the arms and legs to the trunk of the body.AXIAL SKELETON: 80 bonesNeurocranium (cranial bones) (8)- frontal, occipital, sphenoid, ethmoid, parietal (2), temporal (2)Viscerocranium(facial bones, facial complex)(14)- nasal (2), inferior nasal concha (2), lacrimal (2),zygomatic (2), palatine (2), maxilla (2),vomer, and mandiblehyoidsternum (manubrium, body or gladiolus, xiphoid process)vertebrae: cervical (7), thoracic (12), lumbar (5), sacrum (1), and coccyx (1)ribs (24)ossicles (malleus, incus, & stapes) 2 each,APPENDICULAR SKELETON: 126 bonesupper limb: clavicle (2), scapula (2), humerus (2), radius (2), ulna (2), carpals(16), metacarpals (10), phalanges (28)lower limb: ossa coxae (2) [fused ilium, ischium, & pubis], femur (2), patella (2),tibia( 2), fibula (2), tarsals (14), metatarsals (10), phalanges (28)You should be able to identify each of the above bonesindividuallyorarticulatedwith adjacentbones. Additionally most bones have features you are asked to learn (see the following pages).

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Term
Fall
Professor
Mark Bolke
Tags
Physiology, Human Anatomy, Vertebra, Bones of the head and neck, Foramina of the skull, superior petrosal sinus, Groove for sigmoid sinus

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