Kuhn-Ch. 8 - The awareness and acknowledgment that a crisis...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The awareness and acknowledgment that a crisis exists loosens theoretical stereotypes and provides the incremental data necessary for a fundamental paradigm shift. In this critical chapter, Kuhn discusses how scientists respond to the anomaly in fit between theory and nature so that a transition to crisis and to extraordinary science begins, and he foreshadows how the process of paradigm change takes place. 1. Normal science does and must continually strive to bring theory and fact into closer agreement. 2. The recognition and acknowledgment of anomalies result in crises that are a necessary precondition for the emergence of novel theories and for paradigm change. 1. Crisis is the essential tension implicit in scientific research (79). 2. There is no such thing as research without counterinstances, i.e., anomaly. 1. These counterinstances create tension and crisis. 2. Crisis is always implicit in research because every problem that normal science sees as a puzzle can be seen, from another viewpoint, as a counterinstance and thus as a source of crisis (79). 3. In responding to these crises, scientists generally do not renounce the paradigm that has led them into crisis. 1. They may lose faith and consider alternatives, but 2. they generally do not treat anomalies as counterinstances of expected outcomes. 3. They devise numerous articulations and ad hoc modifications of their theory in order to eliminate any apparent conflict. 4.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/01/2008 for the course ILS 153 taught by Professor Lots during the Spring '08 term at University of Wisconsin.

Page1 / 3

Kuhn-Ch. 8 - The awareness and acknowledgment that a crisis...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online