chapter 28-- history notes - Chapter 28 Section 1 Kennedy and the Cold War Election of 1960 \u25cf Issues \u25cb Economy ws in a recession \u25cb Cold war

chapter 28-- history notes - Chapter 28 Section 1...

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Chapter 28Section 1: Kennedy and the Cold WarElection of 1960Issues:Economy ws in a recessionCold war was tough: Sputnik (1957), development of long rangemissiles, Cuba aligned with the Soviet UnionCivil Rights were heating up.John F. Kennedy: Democrat “get America moving again”Vice President Richard M. Nixon: Republican. Riding on the coattails ofEisenhower's popularity.Television affects votesSept 26, 1960: 70 million viewers watched this debateNixon was an expert on foreign policy and hoped to capitalize Kennedy’sinexperience, but Kennedy had been coached by TV producers and cameAcross better spoken than Nixon.“That night, image replaced the printed word as the natural language ofpolitics”Kennedy and Civil RightsSecond major event of the campaignMartin Luther King, Jr and 33 others were arrested for sitting at a lunchcounter in Atlanta, Georgia. King was sentenced to months of hard laborfor a traffic ticket. The Eisenhower campaign and Nixon took no position.Kennedy phones King’s wife with his sympathy and Robert Kennedypersuaded a judge to release MLK on bail.This grabbed the attention of African American voters in the Midwest andSouth.The Camelot YearsKennedy wins by fewer than 119,000 votesHis inauguration speech called hope, commitment and sacrifice.The new first family fascinated that public with their charm, grace and wit.People wanted to follow Jackie’s fashion and learn to read as fast JFK (1600words a minute)The Kennedy White House reminded many of a modern day Camelot“And so, by fellow Americans, ask not what your country can do for you,but what you can do for your country”A New Military PolicyJFK believed that the Eisenhower administration did not do enough tocontain communism.Kennedy and his secretary of defense, Robert McNamara, developed apolicy of flexible response, not always threatening nuclear warfare.Increase defense spending
Boosted non-nuclear forces such as troops, ships and artilleryCreated the Special Forces, or Green BeretsTripled the overall nuclear capabilities of the USCuba falls to Castro1956-1959 Fidel Castro led a guerrilla movement to take over the dictator ofCuba. He won control by 1959.The US was suspicious of Castro but recognized his government anyway.

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