5.3 GLN.docx - 1 Ashley Flower P5 5.3 GLN Reuniting a Broken Nation The Problems of Peace Reconstruction The process of rebuilding the South and

5.3 GLN.docx - 1 Ashley Flower P5 5.3 GLN Reuniting a...

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1 Ashley Flower P5 11/10/18 5.3 GLN Reuniting a Broken Nation The Problems of Peace Reconstruction: The process of rebuilding the South and reunifying the Union Presidential Reconstruction 13 th Amendment ( 1865 ): Outlawed “involuntary servitude” in the U.S. Lincoln’s 10% Plan: 10% of Southern voters required to take an oath of loyalty before the state would be readmitted back to the Union o Leniency Goal: Bring the South back into the Union as quickly and painlessly as possible Congressional Reconstruction “Radical Republicans”: o Wanted to punish the South for the war o Felt the Southern states had voluntarily seceded; therefore, Congress could set the rules of re-admittance Wade-Davis Bill: Required that more than 50% of White males take an “ironclad” oath of allegiance before the state could call a constitutional convention. o This bill also required that the states must abolish slavery o Lincoln pocket-vetoed the bill and killed it The Martyrdom of Lincoln April 14,1865: President Lincoln was shot and killed @ Ford’s Theater by John Wilkes Booth. Andrew Johnson became Prez Johnson’s Reconstruction Plan Johnson’s Plan = Lincoln’s 10% Plan +: o Leading Confederates were to be disenfranchised o The states must protect the rights of freedmen Johnson Clashes W/Congress Johnson and Congress clash o Distrusted for being a Southern Democrat o Civil Rights Bill of 1866 : Would grant citizenship to Blacks. Vetoed twice by Johnson, passed by Congress anyway Midterm Election of 1866 : Johnson faced off against Radical Republicans over Reconstruction o Radical Republicans led by Sen. Charles Summer and Rep. Thaddeus Stevens Wanted Reconstruction to bring about real social and economic change o Johnson irate and heckled by crowds during campaign o Republicans gained a “super-majority”, which made their causes veto-proof “Super-majority”: Means a political party has at least 2/3 majority of the Chamber & Presidency Rights for Freedmen The 14 th Amendment (1868): o Broad definition of citizenship o State/local g-ments cannot deprive citizens of life, liberty, or property w/o due process o All citizens must be given = treatment under the law o Cut state Congressional representation if Blacks were denied voting o Disqualified Confederate leaders from federal offices
2 Military Reconstruction The Reconstruction Act of 1867 : Divided the South into 5 military districts. U.S. soldiers would be stationed in each to make sure things stay under control

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