Politics of Motherhood Occupational segregation and its earnings gap squeeze ♀:•VMB dependence on ♂ breadwinner•vs.•liberty, poverty, welfare% of families in poverty headed by ♀more than doubles between late 1950s andlate 1970s•parallels doubling of rates of crimeDisestablishment of VMB•which provided ♂’s breadwinnings for ♀, tamed dogs/♂.•Fears of starving angels/kids, untamed dogsNeoVictorian crusades on pARENThood•Faith in impact of mom + dad on long-term development (ind.-frame view of childhood socialization)•reversal of the povertysingle-parentingcausal directionCrusades•Rituals (rallies, meetings) solidarity.•Demands include restrictions on others.
problem: poverty of ♀, kids•VMB provides for ♀ •consumer capitalism brought ads, to ♂, for ♀’s services outside of marriage.•Playboythen printed objections to lifelong contracts.•By mid-20th C., experiment in extended, noneconomic marriage ended in pushes for: easy divorce, gay rights, and ♀’s professionalism.•♀ who might have married Jerrys work pink collar (e.g., fast food) jobs instead, for low $.•♀, kids lose economic security over the 1970s-80s ...2 crusades step up•neoVictorian: Policies that favor ♀’s VMB homemaking, traditional ties, against♂’s abandonment of family.•feminist: Policies that favor ♀’s professional development, individual liberty, against♂’s discrimination against ♀ in employment.Neglect of ♀, and 2 replies•managers vs. young ♀ professionals•suitors and “milk”•neoVictorian rejection of feminism as loosening leashes on dogs2 kinds of crusaders•Group situations shape worldviews, including crusaders’ frames/religiosity.•1970s-era pro-life/neoVictorian: more kids, less ed., familial rituals, pink-
collar jobsConsider a series of pro-life statements:One of the problems [of abortion], I think, is the further degradation of women in society. I think havingabortion as an alternative — as a way out, I guess — makes it easier for men to exploit women than ever before. I think they are less inclined probably to take responsibility for their actions or to