Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Systems_Amer Abu-Shamleh & Ahmad Al-Ajlouni.pptx - Solar Photovoltaic Systems(PV Concentrated Solar Power(ME753 Prepared

Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Systems_Amer Abu-Shamleh & Ahmad Al-Ajlouni.pptx

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Solar Photovoltaic Systems (PV) Prepared by:- Ahmad Al-Ajlouni Amer Abu Shamleh Submitted to:- Dr. Osama Ayadi Concentrated Solar Power (ME753) 1
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Contents Contents Introduction & Background Physical & Electrical Concepts of PV The Environmental Impacts of PV PV in Jordan Summary & Conclusions 2
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Introduction & Background Introduction & Background Principle of PV system:- Photovoltaic ( PV ) is a term which covers the conversion of light into electricity using semiconducting materials. Figure (1): Overview of PV System, Source: Alfio Roberto Silvestro 3
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Introduction & Background Introduction & Background 1876 London professor William Grylls Adams and his student Richard Evans Day witness the photovoltaic effect when they expose selenium to light and produce an electrical current. 1905 Albert Einstein finally brings theory explanation to photo electricity. In the paper“ Concerning an Heuristic Point of View Toward the Emission and Transformation of Light”. 1954 U.S. scientists at Bell Labs developed the silicon PV cell. This is the first time enough of the sun’s energy is converted to run electrical equipment. 1980 ARCO Solar becomes the first panel manufacturer to hit 1 MW of yearly production. Two years later, the solar company installs the first megawatt-scale solar project in California. 4
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1993 Pacific Gas & Electric becomes the first U.S. utility to support “distributed systems” with a 500- kW PV array in Kerman, California. 2000 Worldwide solar PV installations surpass 1 GW. The United States alone hits 1 GW in 2008 and surpasses 25 GW in 2015. 2007 Nanosolar ships the first commercialized CIGS thin-film modules. The company estimated it was the world’s lowest-cost solar panel at the time at $0.99/W. 2015 Solar cells as thin as paper can now be manufactured using an industrial printer. They have 20% power conversion efficiency, and a single strip can produce up to 50 watts per square meter Introduction & Background Introduction & Background 5
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Figure (2): Exponential Growth of Global Solar PV , Source: Global Status Report 2017 Introduction & Background Introduction & Background 6
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Advantages Disadvantages Durability (30 years). Inefficient Solar Cells Good For Remote Applications Expensive Little Maintenance Intermittency and Variability Environmentally Friendly Requires Large Areas Introduction & Background Introduction & Background Table (1): The pros and cons of PV Energy 7
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Introduction & Background Introduction & Background Types of PV Systems according to components: 1. On-grid System 2. Off-grid (Stand alone) System Figure (3): A block diagram showing the components of the grid-
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