Reading and Notes Exercise Chapter 3.pdf - Reading and...

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EGYPT AND THE BRONZE AGE 95000-1200 BCE)Bronze Age civilization also arose in the Nile River ValleyThe role that people played in the development of civilization was heavily influenced by geographyGeographical characteristics of Egypt and Mesopotamia were very differentEgypt's geographical isolation created political unityOld KingdomMiddle KingdomNew KingdomEgyptian history passed relatively smoothly through 3 periodsBy 3000 BCE, Egypt had become unified under a single, all powerful rulerEgyptian civilization arose in the context of a major river valleyIn Egypt, life revolved around the river even more than it did in MesopotamiaEgypt was easily the richest agricultural landInundation (flood)Going forth (planting)Deficiency (Low water and harvest)Life was based on the repeating Nile cycle resulting in three 4 month long seasonsIn order to forecast, they created a calendar with 12 months and 30 days eachLower Egypt - consisted only of the Nile deltaUpper Egypt - extended all the way to NubiaNile valley was divided into 2 sectionsEgypt was then divided into 42 smaller districts called NOMESEgypt was generally isolated from foreign contact and was marked by cultural continuity.They were supremely optimisticThought that foreigners were not quite humanGEOGRAPHY AND CULTUREPharos - Egyptian ruler. Came from the word meaning "great house"Characterized by distinctive pottery, made without a wheel. Reddish brown bodies with black rimsBardarian Culture (4500-3800 BCEThe succeeding culture was called the Naqada I culture (4500-3500 BCE)Carved stone ceremonial maceheads indicated particular prestige.Society became further differentiated as a result of an increasing obsession with statusDuring the Maadian culture, ceremonies outside of the settlement area were used with grave goods. This suggested a belief in the afterlife.THE ORIGIN OF THE EGYPTIANSGraves of rulers in Upper Egypt were marked by very rich grave goods. This indicated status.

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