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Yemen Paper.pdf - 1 Jarad Reiss, Nicholas Novitch, Jonas...

  • Elon University
  • COR 110
  • MinisterTurtleMaster2888
  • 9
  • 100% (2) 2 out of 2 people found this document helpful

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1 Jarad Reiss, Nicholas Novitch, Jonas Kohn, Justin Cohen COR110 Professor Fadaam 4/24/19 Yemen A country torn apart by widespread war, famine, and an ongoing refugee crisis, Yemen was a fascinating country to research. What we found was that Yemen is a total and complete quagmire and possible endings or solutions are far from likely at this time. We will lay out our findings by breaking them down into sections. First, we will talk about general facts about Yemen. Then we will talk about Yemen, pre-revolution, specifically having to do with the presidency of Ali Abdullah Saleh. Third, we will break down the revolution originating at the causes and concluding with the outcomes and consequences. Fourth, we will analyze the current civil war from several angles, and attempt to articulate a complex situation to the best of our ability. To conclude we will talk about the current famine and humanitarian crisis along with our final census on if Yemen is better off now than it was pre-revolution. Before the current state of Yemen was formed, there was North Yemen which was known as the Yemen Arab Republic, and South Yemen which was known as the People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen. North Yemen became a state following the collapse of the Ottoman Empire after WWI. South Yemen was a British colony and under colonial rule until 1967. North Yemen in the mid-1980s had a population of about 12 million while South Yemen had a population of 3 million ( “The World Factbook: Yemen”). South Yemen was known as a communist country while North Yemen established a Republican government with tribal representation. There were many conflicts between the two countries including short battles in October of 1972 and February and March of 1979 (“The World Factbook: Yemen.”). In the
2 1980s, the two countries initiate negotiations to establish trade relations and became more amicable. In 1990, the two nations came to unite under one constitution. Yemen is located at the southern tip of the Arabian Peninsula, bordering Saudi Arabia and Oman. It is surrounded by the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea. The total population of Yemen is 28,667,320, and 43.9% is 15 years old or younger. Approximately 99.1% of the population is Muslim, 65% being Sunni, and 35% being Shia (“The World Factbook: Yemen.”). Yemen encompasses 527,968 km, 6,800 square km of which is irrigated land (“The World Factbook: Yemen.”). The climate is usually hot and humid along the west coast, temperate in the western mountains, and very hot and dry in the east. Sandstorms and dust storms occur often and their are a few active volcanoes, one which erupted in 2007, the Jabel at Tair. Their main natural resources are petroleum, fish, rock salt and marble (“Yemen.”), and their official language is currently Arabic. This foundational information will serve as good base to begin understanding the rule of Ali Abdullah Selah.

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Term
Spring
Professor
Dr. Marshall
Tags
Yemen

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