Unformatted text preview: complex to protein complex embedded in inner mitochondrial membrane. Results in transfer of protons (H+) across the membrane setting up a gradient. 8. Chemiosmosis—the coupling of electron transport chain to ATP synthesis through the use of an electrochemical gradient of protons across the inner mitochondrial membrane. Decay of this gradient drives the enzyme ATP synthase which converts ADP + Pi into ATP within the mitochondrial matrix. 9. Energy yields—Maximum from glucose = ~38 ATP. Each NADH allows electron transport to make 3 ATP; each FADH2 yields 2 ATP. 10. What happens if there is insufficient O2 to serve as the ultimate electron acceptor? Anaerobic metabolism generates Lactic acid or ethanol. 11. Leptin—a hormone secreted by fat cells which influences eating behavior....
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This note was uploaded on 04/01/2008 for the course BIO 1A taught by Professor Schlissel during the Spring '08 term at Berkeley.
- Spring '08