Study_Quizzes_Chapter_10_11__14 - Chapter 10 Social...

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Chapter 10: Social Stratification Study Questions 1. Social stratification      refers to a system by which society ranks categories of  people in a hierarchy. 2. Changes in one’s position in the social hierarchy is called  social mobility . 3. caste system  refers to social stratification based on ascription or birth. 4. class system  refers to social stratification based on both birth and individual  achievement. 5. social stratification based on personal merit is known as a  meritocracy. 6. Status consistency      refers to the degree of consistency in a person’s social  standing across various dimensions of social inequality. 7. Structural social mobility      refers to the shift in the social position of large  numbers of people due more to changes in society than to individual effort. 8. Ideology      refers to cultural beliefs that justify social stratification. 9. The  Davis-Moore thesis  refers to the assertion that social stratification is a  universal pattern because it benefits the operation of society. 10. Blue-collar occupation      refers to lower prestige work that involves mostly  manual activity. 11. White-collar occupation      refers to higher prestige work that involves mostly  mental activity.
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