StudyQuizzesChapters5_7__9 - Chapter 5 Socialization Study...

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Chapter 5:  Socialization  Study Questions 1. Socialization      refers to the lifelong social experience by which people develop  their human potential and learn culture. 2. A person’s fairly consistent patterns of acting, thinking, and feeling refers to  their  personality. 3. According to Sigmund Freud, the  ID  represents to human being’s basic drives,  which are unconscious and demand immediate attention. 4. According to Sigmund Freud, the  ego  is a person’s conscious efforts to  balance innate pleasure seeking drives with the demands of society. 5. Freud’s term for the cultural values and norms internalized by an individual is  known as the  superego. 6. The  sensory motor  stage refers to Piaget’s term for the level of human  development at which individuals experience the world only through their  senses. 7. The  preoperational  stage refers to Piaget’s term for the level of human  development at which individuals use language and other symbols. 8. The  concrete operational  stage refers to Piaget’s term for the level of human  development at which individuals first perceive casual connections in their  surroundings. 9. The  formal operational  stage refers to Piaget’s term for the level of human  development at which individuals think abstractly and critically. 10. The  Self  refers to George Herbert Mead’s term for the part of the individual’s  personality composed of self-awareness and self-image. 11. The  Looking Glass  refers to Colley’s term for the self-image based on how we  think others see us. 12. Significant Others      are people, such as, parents, who have special importance  for socialization. 13. Mead used the term  Generalized order to refer to widespread cultural norms  and values we use as a reference in evaluating ourselves. 14. A peer group  is a group whose members have interests, social position and  age in common. 15. Anticipratory       socializatoin  refers to learning that helps a person achieve a  desired position. 16. The  mass media  refers to the impersonal communications aimed at a vast  audience 17. The study of aging and the elderly is called  gerontology
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18. gerontocracy      is a form of social organization in which the elderly have the  most wealth, power and prestige. 19. Prejudice and discrimination against the elderly is called  ageism 20. cohort  is a category of people with a common characteristic, usually their  age.
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