Anthropology 101-Exam #1 Study Guide

Anthropology 101-Exam #1 Study Guide - Anthropology Exam#1...

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Anthropology Exam #1  Key Terms acculturation    The exchange of cultural features that results when groups come into continuous  firsthand contact; the cultural patterns of either or both groups may be changed, but  the groups remain distinct. allele    A biochemical variant of a particular gene analogies   Similarities arising as a result of similar selective forces; traits produced by  convergent evolution ascribed status   Social status (e.g., race or gender) that people have little or no choice about  occupying achieved status   Social status that comes through talents, choices, actions, and accomplishments,  rather than ascription. brachiation    Under-the-branch swinging; characteristic of gibbons, siamangs, and some New  World monkeys catastrophism    View that extinct species were destroyed by fires, floods, and other catastrophes.  After each destructive event, God created again, leading to contemporary species cline   A gradual shift in gene frequencies between neighboring populations convergent evolution   Independent operation of similar selective forces; the process by which analogies are  produced creationism  
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