The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical ReproductionIn 1936, German literary and cultural critic Walter Benjaminwrote an essay on ‘The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction’. He analyzed how mechanical reproduction destroys the uniqueness and authenticity and he used the word "aura" to refer to the sense of awe and reverence one presumably experienced in the presence of unique works of art. There are two main themes of this famous essay: the question of art and politics and the impact of mass production on art works.Benjamin argued that the rise of easily reproducible artworkleads not only to the artwork losing its ritualmeaningthrough the loss of its aura, but also art's political functions, its commodity value, and the social relations constructed around it. By doing so it attaches meaning to its exhibitionvalue, which means the value of being sold, of becoming a commodity, a product rather than a creation gains meaning strictly from its intrinsic artistic quality. Benjamin uses this essay to postulate his
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