Mid-Year Assessment Study Guide - Period 9 - Madison Case -...

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Mid-Year Assessment Study Guide - Period 9 Initial Inhabitants and Colonial America Important Events/Places The first settlers (natives, not colonists) came across the glaciers (Bering Strait) that were formed by the Ice Age . They discovered it by accident for survival reasons. REGIONS OF NATIVE AMERICANS AND TRIBES: Regions: Northeast: crops, Wigmans, breechcloths Southeast: houses of plaster weaved baskets Great Basin: buffalo, teepees, vegetation Great Plains: buffalo meat, lots of allies, canoes Plateau: salmon, dome, basketry Southwest: squash, walked everywhere, made out of stone Jamestown, VA: First permanent English settlement Whole colony mysteriously dies Different theories Starvation Poisoned by Spanish Killed by Native Americans Disease French and Indian War: French and Natives v. British Causes: All wanted the Ohio River Valley: Natives It was theirs first They needed it for survival French Control trade So the British didn’t have it Maintain allies British Need more farms and land Improve economy “Virginia Charter” granted it to them So the French didn’t have it Why the British left: Mid 1500’s booming population Sheep’s wool is v important so it’s the chief export Large increase in sheep population and sheep farms Farmers lost jobs and were replaced by the sheep
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Overpopulation in cities led to looking for new place Get rid of “undesirables” The English Reformation: English couldn’t pick a religion Separatists:set up independent congregations because they thought Church of E sucked Non Separatists: puritans who were loyal to Church of E Key People French Kinder to them Tried to learn things from the Natives -How they colonized: Trading Agricultural knowledge shared Spanish Saw them as “perfect for slavery”’ No respect Saw them as invalids and barbarians “Kept an indian” -How they colonized: Strict rules: converted and exploited natives Wanted the $ ex: they controlled all trade British Hostile native relationships How they colonized: Based on Agriculture Tobacco as a cash crop Conflicts with some tribes Jaques Cartier (French): natives welcomed them and embraced them Micheal Lok (British): waved flag, stated dominance, wanted money, claiming land Escalantea and Barrato (Spanish): “kept an Indian”, explored agriculture, serve God and “his majesty” (Spanish king) Timeline 1689: French and English at War in Europe 1753: G.W. tells French to leave O.R.V . and builds a fort there 1754: French and Native Americans seize the fort, which signals war 1763: Treaty of Paris Proclamation of 1763 Results France lost most of its’ territory British territory doubled in size Great Britain tried to make colonies pay for war debt Textbook Pages
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Road to Revolution
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