Philosophy.docx - PROPONENTS MAN IN HIS NATURAL STATE HOW...

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PROPONENTS MAN IN HIS NATURAL STATE HOW SOCIETY IS ESTABLISHED? ROLE OF AUTHORITY, SOCIAL INTERACTION THOMAS HOBBES “A man is wolf to another man” accurately describes Hobbes image of the natural state. Hobbes describes the natural state as a “war of all against all”. Morality is non-existent, and every individual lives in fear. Living in fear is considered no free way to live, so people give up the use of violence. Leviathan may use force, even against its own population, as long as the benefit of the population is pursued. In Hobbes view, the state’s main role is to maintain and impose law and order, and to prevent the situation of war of all against all. Society therefore is; man seek to control his natural tendencies and impose order. Human beings join together in the formation of a commonwealth. Thus the commonwealth as a whole embodies a network of associated contracts and provides for the highest form of social organization. The formation of society creates a new, artificial person (the Leviathan) to whom all responsibility for social order and public welfare is entrusted. Hobbes elaborates on the specific functionalities of the Leviathan, particularly in relation to the creation and administration of laws. He also points out “birth defects” by which the Leviathan may be a dysfunctional body. The

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