Factors Affecting Knowledge Sharing: A Review of Pakistani Literature - Factors Affecting Knowledge Sharing A Review of Pakistani Literature Muhammad

Factors Affecting Knowledge Sharing: A Review of Pakistani Literature

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Factors Affecting Knowledge Sharing: A Review of Pakistani Literature Muhammad Safdar National University of Sciences & Technology (NUST), Islamabad. sa [email protected] Khalid Mahmood University of the Punjab, Lahore. [email protected] Syeda Hina Batool University of the Punjab, Lahore. [email protected] Abstract The purpose of the study is to review the published literature on factors affecting knowledge sharing in Pakistan. Only those studies were included in the review, which were conducted in Pakistani context. Data was collected through exploring different sources including Google and GoogleScholar. Time limitation was not applied. Review of the Pakistani literature confirmed that factors of different nature influenced knowledge sharing positively as well as negatively. Respondents of the conducted studies were from various categories such as students, teachers, employees (working in dairy, banking, telecom, corporate sectors and academic environment) and bloggers. Results of the study will be useful for organizations, students, and faculty as well as government authorities. It is recommended that organizations should work on minimizing the negatively impacting factors to maximize knowledge sharing among their individuals. Future research directions are also presented in the study. Keywords: Knowledge sharing in Pakistan, knowledge sharing research in Pakistan, factors influencing sharing of knowledge, knowledge sharing literature. Introduction Knowledge is defined as the information combined with understanding and capability. “Knowledge management comprises of processes, strategies and practices that are used in an organization for identification, creation, storing, sharing, and application of knowing, lessons learned, conclusions drawn in experiences by the individuals working in an organization” 1 . Knowledge sharing is transfer of knowledge from one person to another. Previous research confirmed that sharing of knowledge is of importance and, therefore, institutions were working to promote knowledge sharing among their individuals 2-3 . However, there are factors which impact knowledge sharing among individuals 4-6 . The purpose of this study is to collect and review the Pakistani studies which shed light on the factors impacting knowledge sharing. Objectives of the Study Following were the objective of the study: 1
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1. To collect and identify the research studies conducted on factors affecting knowledge sharing in Pakistan. 2. To identify and highlight factors influencing knowledge sharing in Pakistan. 3. To recommend (on the basis of findings) research gaps for future studies. Research Questions Following were the research questions proposed in the study: 1. Which studies are conducted on factors affecting knowledge sharing in Pakistan?
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