08 - Colonies in America - Puritans i Purify the Church of...

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I. North America a. Spanish dominance of Western hemisphere challenged (1600’s) i. France 1. St. Lawrence River valley a. Port Royal b. Quebec – 1608 ii. England 1. Jamestown – 1607 a. Joint stock companies b. High mortality rates i. Drought ii. Unprepared iii. Starvation c. Profits i. Tobacco 1. John Roth credited for first smoking tobacco 2. Massachusetts Bay – 1630’s a. Separatists/Pilgrims – 1619 i. First immigrate to New Amsterdam 1. Influenced by Dutch 2. Receive charter to settle in Virginia 3. Settle in Cape Cod – Plymouth Colony a. Depleted beer supply, landed in Cape Cod ii. Mayflower Compact 1. Rudimentary form of government b.
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Unformatted text preview: Puritans i. Purify the Church of England of Catholic vestiges ii. Set sail for Massachusetts Bay iii. John Winthrop 1. “City on a hill” iv. Congregationalism 1. Removes bureaucratic power structure established by Catholicism a. Bishop, Archbishop, etc. b. Each congregation is responsible for itself v. Democracy 1. Against theocracy 2. People elect a candidate who has shown skill, experience in leadership 3. Requirements for voting a. Freeman i. “Born again” iii. Netherlands 1. Hudson River Valley a. New Amsterdam b. Present-day New York City c....
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