This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.View Full Document
Unformatted text preview: c. Developed sacred language – Sanskrit d. The four Vedas i. Collection of hymns, songs, rituals ii. Word for “wisdom” e. Clashed with Dravidians (previous inhabitants) i. Use of Indra – the war god ii. Battle against other gods as well as their enemy iii. Formed a hybrid society with Dravidians; Indra abandoned f. Origins of the caste system i. Varna – “Color” ii. Refers to the major social classes iii. Aryans – “Wheat colored” iv. Dravidians – Dark skin coloration g. 1,000 B.C.E. – Four main Varnas recognized i. Brahmans – Priests ii. Warriors, Aristocrats iii. Middle class – cultivators, artisans, merchants iv. Shudrahs – landless peasants, serfs v. (Later on) “The untouchables” – burying the dead, butchers...
View Full Document
- Winter '08
- Hinduism, Indus River, Rigveda, domesticated horse Sense