Indo-European Migrations - Indo-European Migrations(Out of...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

Indo-European Migrations (Out of Ukraine, Southern Russia) Early use of domesticated horse Sense of superiority I. Harrapan society a. Indus River b. Agriculturalist c. Domestication of animals d. Mohenjo–daro – 2,500 – 2,000 B.C.E. i. Economic center 1. Trade a. Egyptians 2. Wealth a. Functioning middle class b. Distinct social classes ii. 640,000 people 1. Developed infrastructure iii. Citadels iv. No strong organized religion v. Strong emphasis on fertility 1. Venerated gods of creation and procreation 2. “Vital forces” 3. Birth of Hinduism e. Decline i. Ecological degradation ii. Indus River Valley becoming deforested 1. Erosion of top soil 2. Reduced amounts of rainfall 3. River becomes more volatile, flooding f. Abandoned in 1,700 B.C.E. II. Aryan society
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

a. Moving into Northern India b. Pastoralists (herders of sheep, goats, and cattle) i. Wealth & prices
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: c. Developed sacred language – Sanskrit d. The four Vedas i. Collection of hymns, songs, rituals ii. Word for “wisdom” e. Clashed with Dravidians (previous inhabitants) i. Use of Indra – the war god ii. Battle against other gods as well as their enemy iii. Formed a hybrid society with Dravidians; Indra abandoned f. Origins of the caste system i. Varna – “Color” ii. Refers to the major social classes iii. Aryans – “Wheat colored” iv. Dravidians – Dark skin coloration g. 1,000 B.C.E. – Four main Varnas recognized i. Brahmans – Priests ii. Warriors, Aristocrats iii. Middle class – cultivators, artisans, merchants iv. Shudrahs – landless peasants, serfs v. (Later on) “The untouchables” – burying the dead, butchers...
View Full Document

  • Winter '08
  • Lee
  • Hinduism, Indus River, Rigveda, domesticated horse Sense

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern