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Unformatted text preview: steps down f. Rome expands from small city-state on the Tiber river to controlling a large portion of the Italian peninsula i. Spoils are shared equally between the offices allowing for growth ii. Roman territory expands from 4 th to the 2 nd c. B.C.E. 1. More tolerant to other cultures and religions 2. Assimilation to Roman society almost seamless 3. Citizenship granted to conquered peoples g. Punic Wars – 264 to 146 B.C.E. (All three wars) In the first Punic War (264–241 bc), Rome secured Sicily from Carthage and established itself as a naval power; in the second (218–201 bc), the defeat of Hannibal (largely through the generalship of Fabius Cunctator and Scipio Africanus) put an end to Carthage's position as a Mediterranean power; the third (149– 146 bc) ended in the total destruction of the city of Carthage. i. Against Carthage ii....
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- Winter '08