BIO 201 F'19 Exam II Study Guide (Chp 6-9).pdf - Exam II Study Guide Foundations 201/Fall 2019(Dr Corrette-Bennett In order to earn a desirable grade

BIO 201 F'19 Exam II Study Guide (Chp 6-9).pdf - Exam II...

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Exam II Study Guide Foundations 201/Fall 2019 (Dr. Corrette-Bennett) In order to earn a desirable grade, you need to be studying this material for a few hours every day this week. (Studying for only 5-8 hours total will probably earn you a less than desirable grade.) Chapter 6 The importance of understanding cells: Important scientists and their contributions Three founding concepts of Cell Theory Microscopy Compound light microscope - - Limit of resolution is based on...? Electron Microscope – how does it magnify an image; TEM and SEM - Limit of resolution is based on…? General Features of Cells General features shared by all cells. What are they and where are they within a cell? Prokaryotes vs. Eukaryotes – identify differences and similarities in cellular features Prokaryotes – to the level of detail discussed in lecture Why is the average eukaryotic cell limited to a certain size range? What is the primary limiting factor? Know the formulas. Eukaryotic cells Nucleus – identify nuclear envelope, nucleolus Function of nuclear envelope, nuclear pores, and nucleolus What is chromatin? Ribosomes – what do they make, where can they be found (2 general places), and why are they in two different locations? Endomembrane System Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) Rough – why does it look rough? What does that tell you about it's functions? Smooth – why does it look smooth? What are the functions? Golgi body/apparatus – know structure (cis and trans faces) and function Types and purpose of modifications Vesicles – transport and specialized (e.g. storage, lysosomes, peroxisomes) General overview of the secretory pathway model, where things are, and where going: - what are the three destinations for materials synthesized by this pathway? - lysosomes and peroxisomes - what are their functions? - what are phagocytosis and autophagy? Vacuoles – three types; general function and type of organism that uses each type, especially central vacuoles. Special Organelles Mitochondria – cell types? metabolic process that occurs in this organelle? structural features? What goes in and what comes out? Chloroplasts – cell types? metabolic process that occurs in this organelle? structural features? What goes in and what comes out?
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