Exam III Study Guide CHAPTER 12.docx - Exam III Study Guide Foundations 201/Fall 2019(Dr Corrette-Bennett Chapter 12 The Cell Cycle HeLa Cell line

Exam III Study Guide CHAPTER 12.docx - Exam III Study Guide...

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Exam III Study Guide Foundations 201/Fall 2019 (Dr. Corrette-Bennett) Chapter 12 The Cell Cycle HeLa Cell line Immortal cell line used in biological research Henrietta Lacks What is the significance of HeLa Cells in biology? Function of cell division (The copying of nuclear material to replicate cellular bodies) Single-celled organism: Sexual or asexual reproduction Multicellular organism: Sexual or asexual reproduction, growth, tissue repair Nuclear Material Any dividing cell must first grow and make…? What defines a genome? Chromatin: Consists of histones, accessory proteins Accessory proteins are…? Chromosome: Histones and long DNA strands Replication Making copies of genetic blueprints (DNA); DNA synthesis Cell types and genome content Prokaryotes: 1 circular chromosome Haploid [1 copy] Eukaryotes: 2+ linear chromosomes Diploid [2 copies] Human cell Somatic cells [46] are…? Gametes [23] are…? Cell Division Changes Prokaryotes Binary fission 1. Biosynthesis of proteins, lipids, carbohydrates 2.
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