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Shalom Chianu Notes. Topic 5: Food Additives Lesson 1: Food additives I Video 1 •Billboard in Halifax with caption: “Made with no caffeine, sodium or scientists”.oHowever, scientists make sure our food is actually safe to consume•French newspaper: “Toxic wax on foods and vegetables”oWax added to apples and other fruits and vegetables oApple picked – washed to remove potential residue (e.g. pesticide residue) however in the process, its natural wax is removed§Wax important because it prevents the fruit from drying out§Protect from bruising during shipping andincrease shelf life oCarnauba wax– same wax used in shoe polishoThere is also beeswax, shellac, candelilla wax•Morpholine– used to apply wax, not toxic. oConcern that in body, converts to nitroso-morpholine which is carcinogenicoOnly happens when amounts are very large; amount used in fruits minimal oHealth Canada says amount present in apple coating is not a risk to health •Nitrates– naturally occurring in the cabbage oForms nitrosamines which is potentially carcinogenic as well •French newspaper – correction on page 5 ( “it’s difficult to prove the substance is carcinogenic”), however the headline is on page 1 – lie draws in people (media) •Aldous Huxley– “an unexciting truth often eclipsed by a thrilling lie” Video 2 •Canadian Food Inspection Agency– organizations that control food quality•Wineof the romanswere fortified with lead acetate to make it sweeter•Adding copper salts to makevegetables greener and more appealing •Plaster of Paris (CaSO4) – add to flour to make bread rise oBaker ran out of plaster of Paris oDecided to instead use Arsenic As2O3 as it was a white powder– dangerous •Nature contains number of toxic chemicals oBitter almonds, fruit seeds, cassava roots, lima beans all contain cyanide oMake surefoods areproperly prepared to remove cyanide •Sassafras leaves – used as cleansing agent for those that believe in health food storesoContainspotential carcinogen – safrole/shikimole (banned from root) •Chemicals needed in our food – not a dirty word oWe’re made of chemicals, need those present in food to replenish natural occurring chemicals •Wileswood Popcorn oContains genuine popcorn oPure vegetable oil
Shalom Chianu Notes. oNatural salt oReal artificial colour – full of chemicalsVideo 3 •Chicken Noodle Soup o#1 ingredient: Wheat Noodleso#2 salt – this is a concern •Salt– take in too much salt in developed world. Recommended intake 2.0g/day oGlobal average: 3.95g/day oCanada: 3.4g/day oKazakhstan: 6.0g/day oKenya: 1.5g/day •Next to sugar, salt is the most widely added ingredient to food oIn Canada, sugar and salt are not classified as food additives, in the US, they are•Salt (sodium) prevalent in prepared food oRaw foods have much less sodium than processed, smoked or canned foods•Salary– comes from world “Salarium” ===> Latin term for saltoSaid to be amount of money given to soldiers to buy salt on regular basis •Salt associated with high blood pressureo