Juliet Le 822538919 PHIL 102 September 9, 2018 Exam #1 1a. Ethics tend to focus on morals while aesthetics are based on beauty. In Moral Philosophy, the ideas’ roots come from ethic values and questions like, “How do you justify good behavior from bad behavior?” On the other hand, philosophy of art is concerned with asking, “What makes something beautiful and who can determine that beauty?” 1b. Rationalists and empiricists both believe in the ability to have knowledge, but the sole difference between these two lie within their views of thinking. While an empiricist believes that the only way to gain knowledge is through experience, a rationalist states that experience is not necessary in order to have knowledge. Lecture 1.1 uses the tabula rasa to symbolize the difference between these two minds. An empiricist will have a blank slate when he/she is born and as they experience certain situations, their mind will be filled with ideas and concepts, thus determining that they do not have innate ideas. However, a rationalist’s mind is not like a tabula rasa because they can sense their natural thoughts and ideas within themselves. 1c. Metaphysics surrounds its focus on the question, “What is reality?” Whereas, epistemology focuses on the forms of knowledge. In metaphysics, the mind wanders about what makes an object the way it is and how we would define that. For example, what makes a pillow a pillow? Is it just an object for someone to rest their head on or does it have other components such as, the texture and how it looks. With epistemology, philosophers will question, does knowledge really exist and how do we attain it? What are the reliable sources that we can trust? There are also three epistemological views known as the sceptic, rationalist, and empiricist.