Political Science 2 - Political Science 2 Presidential...

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Political Science 2 27/11/2007 13:28:00 Presidential Power  Limits Congress The Courts o Executive Privilege: US v Nixon; Watergate trials. Nixon had been  recording everything Keeping president in check Prez complain advice advisors give them is privileged  information o Emergency Power: Youngstown Sheet and Tube vs. Sawyer (1952) ‘State of emergency (LPS)’ o Suspension of Habeas Corpus: Hamdi v Rumsfeld (2006) The Bureaucracy o Executive branch: prez in charge he wants the laws to be faithfully  executed; doesn’t have full control by both design (independent of  politics) and accidental.  o Independence: Non-Partisan Activities: Merit v Patronage o Fragmentation: Multiple goals Informal Limits o Public Resistance  o Different audiences o Bargaining v public persuasion  Presidential Power
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President fights back Taking control of the bureaucracy o OMB (office of management and budget) o NSC (National Security Council) o Homeland Security  Unilateral Agreements o Executive Agreements Instead of treaties leaders of countries make agreements o Signing Statements: Bush Written by himself, clarifies something in signed bill  o Recess Appointment Temporary appointment, with advice from senate, that serves  until term of office.  Ask Congress for power (party leadership) o Only works if your party controls congress o Write laws differently ect.  An Imperial Presidency? (ch 11 in Diclerico) The Courts Federalist #78 o Says courts will be weakest branch  o “Neither force nor will merely judgments” o Could enforce anything only give judgments
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o Judicial Review (Marbury vs Madison) final give courts authority
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