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IMPROVING TEACHER RETENTION 1Addressing Novice Teacher Attrition: Literature ReviewEDD8000Advanced Studies in Education: Theory, Practice, and PurposeInstructor: Dr. Pilcher
IMPROVING TEACHER RETENTION 2Addressing Novice Teacher Attrition: Literature Review“Teachers can have unparalleled and long-lasting positive impacts not just on their students’academic successes, but on their students’ self-esteem.” ~Watson, Miller, Davis, & CarterThe topic of novice teacher attrition has long been a topic of concern for policy makers, educators, and administrators who have responded to the issue with mentoring programs, mandatory professional development, and a heightened effort to employ more “prepared” teachers. However, in spite of these efforts, the number of novice teachers who leave the profession continues to grow. Being an educator is one of the most important career choices an educator can make so why then are so many teachers ending their careers just after it has begun. This paper will discuss an overview of the topic of teacher attrition, how it relates to the specialization of adult education, and a critical review of five research articles regarding teacher attrition. Overview of Teacher AttritionTeacher attrition is the rate at which teachers at any level are leaving the profession. Eachyear a tidal wave of new teachers enters classrooms across the country. Sadly, within three years, approximately fifty percent of all new will leave education to pursue other careers. Because of these numbers, there has been increasing concern about the exodus of teachers from the classroom among administrators and policy makers. Research into this issue continues to grow and stories are written to bring awareness to the personal perspectives and complex challenges teachers face in the classroom. According to Dunn and Aiden Downey (2018) the issue of new teacher turnover and/or attrition, particularly in urban and high-needs areas, can cost up to $2.2 billion dollars per year (p.209). The authors go on to discuss the fact that approximately 20
IMPROVING TEACHER RETENTION 3percent of new teachers leave high-needs schools per year. With these numbers continuing to grow, it is important to understand where the problem begins and how it can be fixed. How Teacher Attrition relates to Adult EducationTeacher education is the foundation for all great teachers. It serves as the platform to build on as teachers grow into the profession. Research shows that a good teacher program provides the necessary skills and tools needed to survive the “hard” years and to be successful in education. For these reasons, adult education is indirectly responsible for helping to lower to rates at which teachers are leaving the profession. With a solid foundation and good preparation at the college level, teachers have a better chance of making through the toughest times in the classroom.