Chemistry 1A - Fall 2000 - Pines - Midterm 1 Version B

Chemistry 1A - Fall 2000 - Pines - Midterm 1 Version B -...

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Unformatted text preview: Chemistry 1A Fall 2000 __________________________________________________________________________________ Midterm Exam I, version B September 19, 2000 (Closed book, 75 minutes, 105 points) Name: ______________________ Section Number: ____________________ SID: _______________________ T.A. Name: ________________________ Exam information, extra directions, and useful hints to maximize your score: • • • • • • Write your name on all six pages. There are two parts to the exam: 1) multiple choice and 2) short answer problems. For the multiple choice problems, fill in the ScantronTM form AND circle the answer on your exam. Answer the questions you know how to do first, then work on the questions you skipped. Show all work on the short answer problems for which you want credit and do not forget to include units! You may use the back side of the exam for scratch paper. ________________Unit Prefixes________________ milli, m (x 10-3) micro, µ (x 10-6) nano, n (x 10-9) kilo, k (x 103) mega, M (x106) giga, G (x 109) Some possibly useful information: (Do not write in this box; it is for official use only.) Page - 2 Ekin (e ) = hν – Φ = hν - hνo = mv /2 λ de Broglie= h/p = h/mv Points 2-4 Ephoton = hν = hc/λ / 45 5 / 30 6 / 30 Total / 105 Page 2 of 6 Name:_________________________________________ Part 1: Multiple Choice. (3 pts each, 45 pts total) Instructions: Bubble in the correct answer on your Scantron sheet AND circle the answer on your exam. Each question has one correct answer. 1.) The answer to question 1 is B. Bubble in B on your Scantron™ form. 2.) Which is required in the greatest quantity (mass) in order to produce 1 gram of Br2? A.) HBr 3.) B.) 8B C.) A.) 0 A.) 6.) A.) D.) MgBr2 E.) CaBr2 20 Ne D.) 24 Mg E.) 32 S Including the structure below, how many structural isomers of propanol exist? CH 3 5.) C.) KBr Which has λde Broglie equal to twice that of 16O at the same speed? A.) 4He 4.) B.) NaBr B.) 1 CH 2 CH2 C.) 2 OH D.) 3 E.) 4 Which of the following amino acids is not chiral? (note: the H atoms are not shown) B.) C. ) D.) E.) Which of the following molcules does have an electric dipole moment? B.) C.) D.) E.) Page 3 of 6 7.) Name:_________________________________________ Shown is the graph depicting the quantity of P4O10 accumulated in the oxidation of P as a function of added P for a fixed amount of O2. Through which point would the graph pass for a similar reaction with access to half the amount of O2? A.) 1 8.) B.) 2 B.) A.) 0 C.) B.) 56 D.) E.) C.) 100 D.) 112 E.) 128 For which of the following are all ions isoelectronic with Ar? A.) NaCl 11.) E.) 5 How many grams of CaCO3 are formed from the reaction of 56 g of CaO and 56 g of CO2? A.) 44 10.) D.) 4 A mixture of one-third 12C, one-third 16O, and one-third 18O reacts to form pure CO2. Which is the correct mass spectrum of the CO2? A.) 9.) C.) 3 B.) MgCl2 C.) KCl D.) CaBr2 E.) NaBr Shown is the standing wave electron wave function for n=1. For which n will the wave function pass through all three points? B.) 1 C.) 2 D.) 3 E.) 4 Page 4 of 6 Name:_________________________________________ 12.) The absorption spectrum of a given compound is shown below. What color does it appear under illumination with green light? A.) black 13.) B.) red C.) green D.) blue E.) white Consider the electrolysis of 10 g of liquid water into hydrogen and oxygen gas. Approximately what volume of gas will be formed? A.) ~ 1 m3 B.) ~ 1 L C.) ~ 10 mL D.) ~ 10 L E.) ~ 1 kL 14.) Which of the following has a linear molecular structure? A.) NH2 - B.) ICl2 - C.) IF2+ D.) H2S E.) SO2 15.) Ionization energy (IE) is the energy required to remove an electron from an atom. For which pair X + Y below will transfer of an electron from X to Y occur at the longest distance to form ions X+ and Y-? A.) Li + Br B.) Na + Br C.) K + Br D.) Rb + Br E.) Cs + Br Page 5 of 6 Name:_________________________________________ Part 2: Short Answer Problems (60 pts total) Instructions: Enter answers in the boxes provided. Show your work. Where requested write explanations in fifteen words or less. (30 pts) 1.) A compound containing only carbon and hydrogen is combusted with oxygen. a) Shown is a mass spectrum of the combustion products. Identify the products. Product 1: H2 O (M.W. = 18 g/mol) b) Based on the ratio of peak heights in the mass spectrum, determine the empirical formula of the unknown. From mass spectrum molar ratio of product CO2:H2O is 2:1 Molar ratio of product C:H is 1:1 Molar ratio of reactant C:H is 1:1 c) Product 2: CO2 (M.W. = 44 g/mol) Answer: CH The molecular mass of the unknown is 26 g/mol. What is its molecular formula? Molar weight corresponding to empirical formula is 13g/mol Therefore, molecular formula must have twice as many moles of each atom. d) Answer: C2H2 Draw the Lewis electron dot structure for the unknown. Structure: H-C≡C-H ≡ e) Which is true for the H−C−C bond angle (θ) in the unknown? Circle the appropriate answer and explain. Explanation: θ = 109.5° θ = 120° θ = 180° ° Steric Number: 2 means linear structure Page 6 of 6 Name:_________________________________________ (30 pts) 2.) The minimum amount of energy a photon needs to eject an electron from a metal M, occurs in the infrared at λ = 800nm. a) b) Sketch the photoelectric graph (i.e. Ekinetic vs. ν) for this metal using the given axes. What is the energy of an incident blue photon with λ = 400nm? Answer: 4.97 x 10-19 J E = hc/λ λ c) #Sig Figs (1) is not important What is the kinetic energy of an electron ejected from M by the photon in part b)? Answer: 2.49 x 10-19 J E = hc/λ - hc/λ0 λ λ d) Calculate the de Broglie wavelength for the electron ejected in part c). Answer: 0.984 nm λ = h/p = h/(2meEKin)1/2 e) 800 nm light corresponds to transition 3!1 in the energy level diagram shown below. What λ corresponds to the 4!1 transition? E4!1 = 4/3 E3!1 λ4!1 = 3/4 λ3!1 Answer: 600 nm ...
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This note was uploaded on 04/01/2008 for the course CHEM 1A taught by Professor Nitsche during the Spring '08 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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