ANTH_unit 2 Notes - Revolution to Civil War Reconstruction 1865-1877 ○ End of Civil war through until reentry of Southern States into Union 1877 ●

ANTH_unit 2 Notes - Revolution to Civil War Reconstruction...

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Revolution to Civil War Reconstruction: 1865-1877 End of Civil war through until reentry of Southern States into Union 1877 Challenges South Demolition Integration of freed slaves Readmission of Southern states back into Union Black Codes Post 13th amendment Laws passed in south to limit rights of African Americans Made it unlawful for African Americans to live in certain areas or hold certain jobs Precursor of Jim Crow laws and segregation Civil Rights Act Republicans in Congress refused to recognixe the Black Codes in the south Civil Rights Act mandated full rights for Freedom (later became 14th Amendment) No state government could deny citizens their full rights or equality before the law Reconstruction Government Competing factors Radical republicans Moderates Former Confederates were barred from voting or holding office (Disenfranchised) The people that were allowed to hold office were Freedmen Carpetbaggers (People from North who came to take advantage of the South) Scalawags (white southerners who opposed confederacy) Reconstruction Amendments 13th Amendment- Abolish Slavery 14th Amendment- Guarantees citizenship to all people born in the US, with basic civil rights and equality under the law 15th Amendments- Guarantees voting rights to former slaves Changes in Land and Property Rights Homestead Act 1862 Opened the West for farmers as long as they were willing to live in the land The Dawes Act 1867 Transformed reservations from communal land into individual privately owned land Progress Rise of the first generation of black leadership in the US Progress towards democratic governance Establishment of public schools Passage of progressive social legislation Freedmen's Bureau Created to help transition freed African Americans into economy and society Privided : School, Voting, CLothing, Med Supplies, Meals Sharecropping System Sharecropping System results Former Plantation lands, livestock, and tools provided for freedman Other former slaves became tenant farmers, paying rent to landowners Greatest areas in South
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Southern States Readmitted Debate within Republican Party (Radical Republicans & Moderates) Radical republicans Took control of Reconstruction Policy to break power of southern planters and to portect rights of African Americans Southern States readmitted between 1868-1870 Required to submit state constitution that ratified 13/14/15th amendments Lots of tension ( confederate powers could not be elected in any governmental position) resulting with many people who had no experience Backlash Rise of Ku Klux Klan Racist terrorist organization formed in Tennessee 1866 Disenfranchised Confederate Anti-black, Anti-Republican Economic recession (scare) 1873 The End of Reconstruction Rising anti-black Violence Unpopularity of Reconstruction in North
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