PHIL_virtue ethics .docx - Environmental Virtue Ethics ● Conduct Ethics focus on moral choice on how one should go about deciding what would be the

PHIL_virtue ethics .docx - Environmental Virtue Ethics ●...

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Environmental Virtue Ethics Conduct Ethics: focus on moral choice, on how one should go about deciding what would be the morally right course of action, on moral reasoning Virtue Ethics: focus on the elements of good moral character, on how one should be, on defining the virtues possessed by a morally good person, on the cultivation of dispositions to think and act in morally right ways Normative Ethics: are mutually reinforcing, as emphasized by the aphorism, “principles without dispositions are impotent; dispositions without principles are blind” Being Virtuous and Doing Right Do virtuous persons perform right acts because they are right, or are actions right because virtuous persons perform them Virtue ethicist: the morally right course of action in a particular situation is one that a virtuous person, acting in character would do in that situation “What kind of of person should on be” “What kind of person would do that” The virtue ethicist emphasizes that decision principles are inadequate to guide action through all of life's complexities Whats lacking in an exclusively principle-based ethic is emphasis on issues and challenges pertaining to the cultivation of virtue in people's lives Virtue Characterized Virtues are dispositions to act in certain ways, but they are more than mere dispositions or habits Virtues are variously characterized as good character traits, as the ethical core of personality, as characteristics that define what it means to say that one is a morally good person, as inclinations to live a morally good life Virtuous dispositions are acquired Aristotelian Ethics: Eudaimonia Ability to reason distinguishes humans Eudaimonia: living well Excellence in the exercise of theoretical reason enables the acquisition of knowledge, exercise of reason wealth , power, fame, may be good but do not qualify as worthy human ends Eudaimonia: hedonistic paradox Pursuing pleasure as an end fails to find it Not happiness in the hedonistic sense of this term rather a pleasant feeling Pleasure as a sense on contentment, well-being Wisdom and the Golden Mean Virtue is viewed as a mean between extremes - middle path between excess and deficiency
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  • Winter '18
  • AlbertB.Crawford

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