Phil_Ethical Theory.docx - Philosophy of Environment Ethics Ethical Theory Overview ❖ 3 Areas of Environmental Inquiry ● Conduct ethics Focuses on

Phil_Ethical Theory.docx - Philosophy of Environment Ethics...

This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 4 pages.

Philosophy of Environment Ethics Ethical Theory Overview 3 Areas of Environmental Inquiry Conduct ethics : Focuses on right conduct, on the formulation and application of moral principles to make morally right decisions (moral deliberation) and to justify the decisions one makes (moral justification). Virtue ethics: Focuses on human ideals, on the kind of person one should strive to be, on elements of good character, on the cultivation of moral virtue. Metaethics: Focuses on the meaning of ethical terms, on conceptual clarification (needed distinctions, precise definitions, carefully formulated questions); on the construction of test cases; on the soundness of moral arguments. Conduct & Virtue Ethics Conduct and virtue ethics are interdependent, as underscored by the aphorism: “Principles without dispositions are impotent; dispositions without principles are blind.” Conduct ethics and virtue ethics are prescriptive: judgments are made about what is good and bad (what has value and disvalue) and about what is morally right and wrong (what is obligatory, how one ought to choose and act) Metaethics, in contrast, is descriptive and analytical, not prescriptive Teleological (Consequentialist) v. Deontological (Non-Consequentialist) Ethical Principles Teleological principles associate the moral rightness or wrongness of X (a choice, a policy, a law, an institution) with the goodness or badness of its consequences. Two Teleological Principles Principle of self Interest X is morally right if X is expected to have the best consequences for an identified person or group (oneself, one’s family, one’s business, one’s political party, one’s country, one’s species). “Enlightened” self-interest involves taking the interests of others into consideration, resolving conflicting interests, finding common purpose, forging Alliances When conflicts cannot be resolved, the principle of self -interest prevails: one ought always to act in one’s own best interests Principle of utility X is morally right if it is expected to have the best consequences for all affected parties, where the like interests of all affected parties are taken into consideration and given like consideration.
Image of page 1

Subscribe to view the full document.

Image of page 2
  • Winter '18
  • AlbertB.Crawford

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Ask Expert Tutors You can ask 0 bonus questions You can ask 0 questions (0 expire soon) You can ask 0 questions (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes