PHIL_antrhopocentrism quiz 5.docx - Anthropocentrism Review Concept of Moral Standing ● The claim that an entity has moral standing is a claim that

PHIL_antrhopocentrism quiz 5.docx - Anthropocentrism Review...

This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 3 pages.

Anthropocentrism Review Concept of Moral Standing The claim that an entity has moral standing is a claim that the entity in question is morally considerable in its own right . Position on moral standing: Anthropocentrism: Only human beings have moral standing. Vertebracentrism: All sentient animals have moral standing. Biocentrism: All living beings have moral standing. Ecocentrism: Ecosystems as well as their constituent species-populations have moral standing. The question of Non Human moral standing Is any biotic entity other than a human being -- a vertebrate animal, an invertebrate animal, a plant, a genetic kind, an ecosystem, the biosphere - morally considerable in its own right ? Is any non-human biotic entity the kind of entity to which a moral obligation could meaningfully be said to be directly owed, or to which a moral right could meaningfully be ascribed? Is the question of the moral justifiability of human-inflicted harm to a non- human entity a relevant moral question if no human being is materially affected (benefited or harmed) by the harm in question. Anthropocentric Thesis Humans have inherent value and are worthy of moral respect by virtue of their ability to reason. Ability to reason (rationality) is the only acceptable criterion of moral standing. The value of anything non-human entirely consists in its (instrumental or extrinsic) value for one or more human beings; non-human entities do not value and have values, and they have no value apart from their value for humans (no intrinsic or inherent value). We ought not mistreat animals, pollute, drive endangered species to extinction, accelerate global warming, etc., but such obligations derive from considerations of what is necessary to protect, benefit, and enrich human life; direct obligations are owed only to human beings.
Image of page 1

Subscribe to view the full document.

Image of page 2
  • Winter '18
  • AlbertB.Crawford

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Ask Expert Tutors You can ask 0 bonus questions You can ask 0 questions (0 expire soon) You can ask 0 questions (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes