March 27.pdf - Domestic Processes for Spanish Trade Policy...

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Domestic Processes for Spanish Trade Policy Spanish trade policy for the 1880-1914 and 1919-1939 time periods was essentially isolationist. There were many reasons for this, most of them revolving around the domestic political instability and the issues that came with that. Spain had recently come out of their first period of democracy, the First Spanish Republic only lasting from February 11, 1873 to December 29, 1874. The First Republic rose after the abdication of Amadeo I and quickly ended with the ascent of Alfonso XII to the throne. Alfonso XII, although the first King after the end of the Republic, was not as impactful as his son, Alfonso XIII. Alfonso XIII was King of Spain from 1886 to 1941, so he was King all throughout the examined time period. Nicknamed “The African” for his persistence in the Rif War, he also is known for his pursuit and support of neutrality during the First World War. The neutrality was motivated by economic and military weakness, as well as “diplomatic isolation” (Lowry ii). The components that resulted in Spain’s neutrality give insight into the various components of Spain and the turmoil happening inside the country. The economic situation in Spain was anything but strong or solid. Being geographically close to Britain and literally neighboring France meant that Spain had connections in both countries. Spain grew “economically dependent” on both countries for raw materials and manufactured goods (Ponce). Spain was unusually

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