Socrates' Defense Template.doc - Template for “Socrates Defense”(A Text Written and Published by Plato Classical Studies 3312 In Classical Studies

Socrates' Defense Template.doc - Template for “Socrates...

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Template for “Socrates Defense” (A Text Written and Published by Plato) Classical Studies 3312 In Classical Studies, this text is sometimes called “Socrates’ Defense” and sometimes called “Socrates’ Apology.” While “Defense” is the title more frequently used currently, either title is acceptable. Note, however, that the author of the text is Plato, not Socrates. Socrates, insofar as we know, wrote nothing. There is much debate about the degree to which Plato’s text represents exactly what Socrates said, but most people seem to think that the speech as reproduced by Plato is at least faithful to what Socrates actually said. The one thing we know for sure, however, is that by the time the text was actually written and published, Socrates had been dead for some time and thus could have had nothing to do with its publication. Occasion & Background People associated with Plato and Socrates were at the forefront of the Coup of the 400 and Coup of the Thirty Tyrants. Plato was an agent of the Thirty Tyrants for at least a month. Many of those leaders had been in Socrates’ circle. Socrates has gone around Athens and embarrassed a bunch of notable Athenians through questioning. Genre -Defense speech in 399 Capital Punishment trial -Socrates’ actual speech would’ve been extemporaneous, not written out -Plato wrote this supposed recreation of Socrates’ speech Author/Speaker The author is Plato, but the speaker is Socrates. Socrates had a circle of men, analogous to friends that followed him Audience -The primary and most important audience is God. The second audience is Socrates himself. There were 501 jurors, and they voted 281-221 guilty, if thirty folks had changed their votes, Socrates would’ve been innocent.
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