Part 1: Define 5 points: Define the term by definition,...

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World History Gate Cassandra Herrera Unit Review: Industrialization and The Age of Imperialism Part 1: Define (5 points): Define the term by definition, including key names and dates. 1. Industrial Revolution; was the transition to new manufacturing processes in Europe and the US, in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840. 2. Cottage industry ;a business or manufacturing activity carried on in a person's home. 3. Assembly line ;a series of workers and machines in a factory by which a succession of identical items is progressively assembled 4. Capitalism ;an economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the state 5. Socialism ;a political and economic theory of social organization which advocates that the means of production, distribution, and exchange should be owned or regulated by the community as a whole 6. Smog ;fog or haze combined with smoke and other atmospheric pollutants 7. Urbanization ;the process of making an area more urban 8. Romanticism ;the state or quality of being romantic 9. Realism ;the attitude or practice of accepting a situation as it is and being prepared to deal with it accordingly 10. Subways ;an underground electric railroad 11. Boer War ;war fought from October 11, 1899, to May 31, 1902, between Great Britain and the two Boer (Afrikaner) republics 12. Ethiopia ; is Africa's oldest independent country and its second largest in terms of population 13. Berlin Conference ;regulated European colonization and trade in Africa during the New Imperialism period and coincided with Germany's sudden emergence as an imperial power 14. Social Darwinism ;the theory that individuals, groups, and peoples are subject to the same Darwinian laws of natural selection as plants and animals 15. Suez Canal ;A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, socially, and economically. 16. Cholera ;an infectious and often fatal bacterial disease of the small intestine, typically contracted from infected water supplies and causing severe vomiting and diarrhea 17. Smallpox ;an acute contagious viral disease, with fever and pustules usually leaving permanent scars. It was effectively eradicated through vaccination by 1979 18. Steam engine ;an engine that uses the expansion or rapid condensation of steam to generate power 19. Imperialism ; A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, socially, and economically. 20. Colonization ;the action or process of settling among and establishing control over the indigenous people of an area 21. Reform Bill of 1832 ;Parliament passed a law changing the British electoral system 22. Ten Hours Act of 1847 ;which restricted the working hours of women and young persons (13-18) in textile mills to 10 hours per day 23. Factory Act 1833; to improve conditions for children working in factories 24. Crop rotation system; the practice of growing a series of dissimilar or different types of crops in the same area in sequenced seasons 25. Berlin Conference; regulated European colonization and trade in Africa during the New Imperialism

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