The Colonization of Africa 1. The Scramble for Africa a. Britain, France, Germany, Belgium, Italy, Portugal, and Spain were competing for power within European power politics. b. Berlin West African conference, November 1884 - February 1885. Produced a treaty known as the Berlin Act, to guide the conduct of the European inter- imperialist competition in Africa. 2. The African Resistance a. European powers wanted exercise political authority in African lands. African rulers organized militarily to resist the seizure of their lands and the imposition of colonial domination. b. Ethiopia was able to maintain its independence for much of the colonial period, except for a brief interlude of Italian oversight between 1936 and 1941. 3. A Period of Change a. African societies eventually lost out to European powers. This was partly for political and technological reasons. b. 1900 - much of Africa had been colonized by seven European powers—Britain, France, Germany, Belgium, Spain, Portugal, and Italy. 4. Colonization Domination: Indirect Rule a. Many examples of indirect rule with Britain. b. Organized its colonies at the central, provincial, and regional or district levels. Usually a governor in the colonial capital who governed along with an appointed executive council and a legislative council of appointed and selected local and foreign members. 5. Colonial Domination: Assimilation a. In terms of the actual administrative system in its various African colonies the French used a system of direct rule. b. In general, the French administrative system was more centralized, bureaucratic, and interventionist than the British system of colonial rule. Spark Notes 1. The author of the book was born in a village in Nigeria in 1930. a. His family was multicultural. b. He published Things Fall Apart in 1958. c. TFA is set in the 1890s showing the clash between the government and the traditional people. d. He wrote the book in English. e. He became very famous because of the book. NY Times 1. Things Fall Apart is compared to an English To Kill A Mockingbird. 2. Very famous, 10 million copies sold, translated into 45 languages. 3. Main character in book, Okonkwo, who returns to village after 7 years in exile.
- Spring '16
- Mrs. Forster