Criminal Justice.docx - The criminal justice system should exist to impose laws and punishment for violations of the law It consists of three major

Criminal Justice.docx - The criminal justice system should...

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The criminal justice system should exist to impose laws and punishment for violations of the law. It consists of three major components- police, courts and corrections. It is important to promote social order. The purpose of the criminal justice system is to control crime and impose penalties on those who violate the law. If dangerousness can accurately be predicted, people should still be punished so that there is fairness in the justice system. A criminal should take responsibility for the act and be punished fairly. It is not fair to confine individuals based on accurate forecasts of the likelihood that they’ll harm others—and confine them without the condemnatory denunciations that precede punishment. Punishment should only be inflicted only for wrongdoing. In both the first and second scenario, I would not endorse preventive confinement. It is more likely that a violent assault will happen in the first scenario but we cannot punish someone who has not committed a wrongdoing. But if an assault does occur, we should make sure the
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Unformatted text preview: individual is properly punished. Harm matters but the quality of an act is more important. Acts intended to do harm often do so. Perhaps the most basic question about the criminal justice system is: why should it exist? If dangerousness can accurately be predicted, why punish people? Why not instead confine individuals based on accurate forecasts of the likelihood that they’ll harm others—and confine them without the condemnatory denunciations that precede punishment? Consider this question in light of two different scenarios. In the first, a prediction that A will engage in a violent assault on others during the next 30 is 95% accurate. In the second, a prediction along the same lines is 30% accurate. Do you endorse preventive confinement in either instance? In both? Why? Does it matter what kind of harm might occur? For example, would you insist on a lower rate of predictive accuracy for a terrorist attack than for an act of theft? Why?...
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