1_5_8_Practice_Document Based Questions_Jash Jhajj.docx - 1.5.8 Practice Document Based Questions AP U.S History Sem 1(S3530872 Points possible 40

1_5_8_Practice_Document Based Questions_Jash Jhajj.docx -...

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1.5.8 Practice: Document Based Questions Practice Assignment AP U.S. History Sem 1 (S3530872) Name: ____________Jash Jhajj________ Points possible: 40 Date: _____10/18/19_______ Use the documents listed in the chart below to answer the document-based question. You can find all of these documents on the AP U.S. History Research Library. You should spend about 15 minutes examining the documents and planning out your answer and 45 minutes writing. Use the chart below to take notes on each document. Note: You will not be graded on your notes, just on your final essay. Document Title Notes John Locke, The Reasonableness of Christianity [Virtue] has another relish and efficacy to persuade men, that if they live well here, they shall be happy hereafter. Open their eyes upon the endless, unspeakable joys of another life, and their hearts will find something solid and powerful to move them. The view of heaven and hell will cast a slight upon the short pleasures and pains of this present state, and give attractions and encouragements to virtue which reason and interest, and the care of ourselves, cannot but allow and prefer. Upon this foundation, and upon this only, morality stands firm, and may defy all competition. This makes it more than a name; a substantial good, worth all our aims and endeavours; and thus the gospel of Jesus Christ has delivered it to us. Baron de Montesquieu, The Spirit of the Laws Montesquieu says that adopt a republic. He says “Virtue in a republic is a most simple thing: it is a love of the republic; it is a sensation, and not a consequence of acquired knowledge: a sensation that may be felt by the meanest as well as by the highest person in the state. When the common people adopt good maxims, they adhere to them more steadily than those whom we call
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gentlemen.” This means that Montesquieu wants men to adopt a republic where they are allowed to vote for their leaders. Whoever reads the gospel with a single eye, and sincere intentions, will find, that our blessed Lord took all opportunities of reminding his disciples that his kingdom was not of this world; that his doctrine was a doctrine of the cross; and that their professing themselves to be his followers, would call them to a constant state of voluntary suffering and self-denial. . . . But, as we must deny ourselves in our understandings, so must we deny, or, as it might be more properly rendered, renounce our wills; that is, we must make our own wills no principle of action, but "whether we eat of drink, or whatsoever we do, we must do all, (not merely to please ourselves, but) to the glory of God." Not that we are therefore to imagine we are to have no pleasure in any thing we do: "Wisdom's ways are ways of pleasantness;" but pleasing ourselves must not be the principal, but only the subordinate end of our actions. . . . we must deny ourselves, as in our understandings and wills, so likewise in our affections. More particularly, we must deny ourselves the pleasurable indulgence and self-enjoyment of riches.
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