Lecture 5 – Oil (Part 2a)

Lecture 5 – Oil (Part 2a) - Comparison of...

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Lecture 5 – Oil (Part 2a) Petroleum: Exploration Older rocks are in the middle and younger rocks on side Older rocks on side and younger rocks in middle are syncline Petroleum Exploration: Seismic Recording Truck releases wave that are reflected from layers of rock to geophones Shallow layers will take longer to come back to geophones Trucks drop heavy mass to make noise Truck uses chamber to make noise The geologic structure will come together when all the data is put together from seismic Petroleum: Extraction Rigs used to extract oil Mobile Drilling Rigs o Submersible barge o Submersible posted barge o Jack-up o Semi submersible (Deep water) o Drill ship (Deep water)
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Unformatted text preview: Comparison of Height of Rigs o Joilet at water level to Bullwinkle New Wells Drilled in World o Canada, Texas, China, Russia Pumps Work 24 hours a day that pump out few barrels a day Ultimate Recovery of Oil 30 to 90 percent Gas Recover is 90 percent due to lower viscosity Extraction of Oil Method o Efficient and Wasteful Extraction Methods Production Curve o Decreases from peak to a value where economic cut off shuts down the extraction Petroleum: Refining Breaking bonds to get different types of carbons to get different hydrocarbons for production Chemical Reactions and additives are used to make different things...
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