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Unformatted text preview: synthetic crude (142 kg), fuel gas (16.5 m 3 ) Tar Sands - Environment Impact Environment Impact of Spreading Sand Over Area Leads to Toxicity of Land Can we mine without surface disturbance? o Maybe by sending steam down heating the tar and then pumping out the oil (channeling) Oil Shales World supply of oil shale is 2.6 trillion barrels of recoverable oil 1.0-1.2 trillion barrels are in United States USA can have more oil than anyone in the world with oil shales Oil shale = source rock Catagenesis Oil shale is mature source rock Tar sand is displace oil Major oil shale basins in western US Oil Shales Major process Steps in Mining and Surface Retorting Mining and Crushing o Retorting Oil upgrading Oil to refinery o Spent shale disposal on-site Reclamation...
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- Winter '08