Communist Strengths, Saigon Weaknesses 2

Communist Strengths, Saigon Weaknesses 2 - Despite enormous...

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Despite enormous inferiority in manpower and technology, how could NLF prevail? Sympathetic political environment, produced o Higher degree of organizational resilience o More efficient use of violence o More motivated army Though most didn’t dedicate their lives to the NLF, huge population willing to provide food/taxes/shelter to NLF 1963 - US study found that percent of peasants willing to support communists 3-7 times larger than those willing to support Saigon o Plurality, not a majority o Still, Saigon supporters a minority o Core of highly dedicated revolutionaries along with much larger population of sympathizers made NLF hard to put down Diem had rid South of nearly 70% of communist leaders o Other 30% still fought hard Underground tunnels built by communists o GIs who discovered these described it as being like the NYC subway system o Americans used poison gas, dogs, flamethrowers to try to thwart tunnel plans unsuccessfully Saigon officials fled villages when communists began assassinating officials o Saigon system of villages fell apart Villages that best resisted communist control were Catholic o Held out in a “sea” of communism o Strong local leadership as dedicated as communists
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Communist Strengths, Saigon Weaknesses 2 - Despite enormous...

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