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Diem's Early Years - Creating S Vietnam

Diem's Early Years - Creating S Vietnam - so • Once...

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1954 – Area that would become S Vietnam was in horrible conditions to become a state Weak sense of S Vietnamese nationalism compared to Vietnam (as a whole) nationalism Over half of S Vietnam had been communist Saigon – gangster group bought control of Saigon city police Catholic Nationalist – Ngo Dinh Diem Supported by US and Lynden Johnson Served as Bao Dai’s minister of justice o proposed many reforms to benefit Vietnamese French denied these reforms, Diem resigned While genuinely patriotic, his Confucian elitism left him divorced from popular views. Estranged from Vietminh In 1950, left Vietnam during war to live in US/Europe. Lived in monasteries, took vow of chastity at age 15. 1954 – Bao Dai appointed Ngo Dinh Diem as prime minister Some say this was because US put pressure on Bao Dai to do
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Unformatted text preview: so. • Once appointed, Diem relied heavily on American aid 1950s – Cold War battleground shifted from Europe to the third world (Asia, Africa, Latin America). • S Vietnam was supposed to be an example of how much better democracy was than communism More US help • Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) created by the US • Between 1955-1960, US provided over $1 billion in subsidized imports to the commercial import program – this won over the middle class elite. • US sent over technical experts to Saigon to help put together the government • 1954 – SE Asia Treaty Organization pledged itself to help protect S Vietnam against outside attacks • Crucial to sustaining of S Vietnam Fall 1950 – Diem tried to exile French leader of ARVN...
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