Spanish Final Review Sheet

Spanish Final Review Sheet - Palabras que terminan en ma...

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Palabras que terminan en –ma que son masculinas: El poema El clima El problema El programa El tema Palabras que terminan en –tud, -umbre, -dad, -tad, -ción, y síon son femeninas Posesivas largas que se colocan después de la palabra: mío, tuyo, suyo, nuestro, vuestro, suyo Alguno, ninguno, bueno, malo, primero, tercero, santo se acortan cuando se encuentran frente a una palabra-concepto masculina Algún, ningún, buen, mal, primer, tercer, gran, san Algunos verbos que cambian en la primera persona del singular (yo forma) Hacer hago Poner pongo Salir salgo Valer valgo Traer traigo Caer caigo Concer conozco Caber quepo Conducir conduzco Ver veo Saber Dar doy Coger cojo Exigir exijo Vencer venzo Zurcir zurzo Seguir sigo Haber: he, has, ha, hemos, habéis, han Que vs. Quien Páginas 62 y 63 Ser y Estar Ser: Hour Day Date
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Place of origin Occupation Nationality Relgion Material something is made out of Possession Relationship Where an event is taking place Inherent or essential qualities Estar: Geographic or physical locations State/condition Idiomatic expressions Progressive tenses Both: Con -ado/-ido Ser es la voz pasiva (usually followed by por…someone) and estar is used to express the state of something as a result of a previous action La se impersonal Uno debe levantarse temprano (One should get up early) Una no se atreve a caminar (One dare not walk) Pretérito -Ar: -é, -aste, -ó, -amos, -asteis, -aron -Er y -Ir: -í, iste, ió, imos, isteis, ieron Irregulars (-e, -iste, -o, -imos, -isteis, -ieron Andar: anduv- Caber: cup- Estar: estuv- Hacer: -hic Poner: -pus Saber: -sup Vener: -vin Tener: -tuv Poder: -pud Traer: -traj Decir: -dij Querer: -quis Ir: fui, fuiste, fue, fuimos, fuisteis, fueron
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Ser: fui, fuiste, fue, fuimos, fuisteis, fueron Dar: di, diste, dio, dimos, disteis, dieron Some verbs that end in –Ir, are irregular in the 3 rd person Sentir: sentí, sentiste, sintió, sentimos, sentisteis, sintieron Others: pedir, preferir, medir, divertirse, servir, corregir, elegir, vestirse, repetir, seguir, reir, sonreir Dormir (y Morir) Dormí, dormiste, d u rmio, dormimos, dormisteis, d u rmieron -car, -gar y –zar change in the yo form Buscar: busqué Llegar: llegué Empezar: empecé Verbs like caer, oír, leer, and concluir change in the 3 rd person (with a y ) Caí, caíste, ca y ó, caímos, caísteis, ca y eron Verbs that end in –ducir Conduje, condujiste, condujo, condujimos, condujisteis, condujeron Imperfecto -Ar: -aba, -abas, -aba, -ábamos, -abais, aban -Er y –Ir: -ía, -ías, -ía, -íamos, -íais, -ían Irregulars: Ir: iba, ibas, iba, íbamos, ibais, iban Ser: era, eras, era, éramos, erais, eran Ver: veía, veías, veía, veíamos, veías, veían Words that change in the imperfect vs. preterite: Sabía- I knew, knew how to, had knowledge of Supe- I learned, found out, discovered Conocía - I knew, was aquainted with Conocí- I met, made the aquiaintence of Quería- I wanted to, desired to Quise- I tried to No quería- I didn’t want to, didn’t desire to No quise- I refused to, would not
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Podía- I could, was able to, was in a position to Pude- I managed to, I succeeded in No podía- I was not able to, could not No pude- I tried but couldn’t Costaba-
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