Exercise 1 - Classical Conditioning.pdf. Lani Martin.docx - Exercise 2 Contingencies of Behavior Part 1 Directions For each of the following examples

Exercise 1 - Classical Conditioning.pdf. Lani Martin.docx -...

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Exercise 2: Contingencies of Behavior Part 1 Directions: For each of the following examples identify the type of consequence. Remember, in each case a consequence is something that follows a behavior. Consequences may increase or decrease the likelihood (in the future) of the behavior that they follow. For example: PR (positive reinforcement): Something good is presented, which encourages the behavior in the future. NR (negative reinforcement): Something bad is removed or avoided, which encourages the behavior. PP (positive punishment): Something bad is presented, which discourages the behavior in the future. NP (negative punishment): Something good is removed, which discourages the behavior in the future. Use the two-letter abbreviation below. Grading: Each question is worth 1 point. PR 1. A student volunteers to answer a tough question in class, and the teacher comments favorably on the quality of the student’s contribution. PR 2. A wife brings home flowers to her husband because he cooked dinner for her the previous day. PP 3. A child is sent to his room with no dinner after bringing home a bad report card. NR 4. Dad and three-year-old Marcie enter the checkout lane of the supermarket. When Marcie screams for candy, Dad buys a sucker to quiet her down. PP 5. A child spills milk all over the dinner table. Mom, (having had a bad day) swoops her up and spanks her. NR 6. A PSYCH 491 student develops a terrible headache after studying for a big exam. He takes two aspirin and the headache disappears. PR 7. Two siblings, who usually spend most of their time fighting, finally play peaceably. Dad peeks in and sighs, "At last, they are getting along." He returns to work on his computer after giving them 15 minutes longer to stay up. NR 8. A spoiled child is being driven past a fast-food restaurant when he begins screaming that he must have some French fries or he just won’t survive. The parents surrender and buy the fries, at which time the child stops screaming.
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