World Music Review Sheet

World Music Review Sheet - World Music Review Sheet Intro...

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World Music Review Sheet Intro Shit 1. 5 basic propositions of music a. Basic property of music is sound b. The tones and silences are somehow organized c. Music is made by humans, humanly organized sound d. Music is a product of human interactions and perception (HIP) e. The term music is inescapably tied to western culture and its assumptions 2. Ethnocentrism: judging another music based on its relation to your own cultural background aka. Ignorance. 3. Ethnomusicology: the study of world music 4. Musicologists: study the history of music 5. Music theorists: analyze composition and musical systems. 6. Paradigms of music classification a. Folk or Art or Popular b. Traditional or neo-traditional or post-traditional i. Traditional: ritual and religious festivals ii. Neo-trad: contemporary traditional music outside of traditional context iii. Post-trad: mix of contemporary and traditional music 7. Music elements a. Pitch in music i. Pitch: quality of note that distinguishes a note from a low one (similar to frequency) ii. Harmony: several notes played at the same time to make a chord iii. Interval: distance in pitch between any two notes iv. Octave: the simplest possible ratio between two different frequencies v. Tuning system: method in which musicians decide what frequency will be represented on their instruments or in a music system (western universal tuning system= 12-tone equal temperament) vi. Scale: convenient construction for illustrating the tonic pitch set used in a piece of music vii. Motive: melodic fragment b. Melody i. Contour: general direction of a melody over time ii. Range: difference between highest and lowest notes of a melody iii. Tessitura: where the melody lies in relation to the possible range of the singer or instrument iv. Cadence: points of momentary rest v. Phrase: section of a melody from one cadence to another 1
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vi. Theme: and entire melody recognizable as a discrete entity c. Rhythm i. Meter: an organization of beats, divisions of beats, and groupings of beats into distinct levels of the passage of time. ii. Syncopation: rhythm in which the metrical stress of a note is displaced in the meter so that the emphasis occurs on normally unstressed beats. d. Timbre i. Timbre is the quality of an instruments sound that distinguishes an oboe from a flute or a voice from a trumpet ii. Instrumentation: instruments that play a certain piece iii. Orchestration: the art of combining the instruments in different ways for musical effect iv. Texture: the musical characteristic that describes the relative importance and distribution of the various instrumental or vocal parts.
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