WH 11-2-07 - 2 November 2007 WH Gunpowder Empires I The...

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2 November 2007 WH Gunpowder Empires I. The Ottoman Empire a. Conquest and foundations i. Ukhanate—becomes muslim ii. Houseof osman iii. Mehmed the conquerer (r.1444-1446 and 1451-1481)—used cannons in conquest of Istanbul (Constantinople) –high military force iv. Devshirme—slaves of young Christian peasant boys 9-17, removed from native homes v. Geniseri—around sultan vi. Mamluk vii. Bayezid II (r.1481-1512)—took over from father (mehmed)—one dynasty, quick brought people from spain escaping from spanish inquisition, these people brought different skills into empire viii.Primogeniture ix. Timar-fief land grant—adopted from old Byzantine empire—based on types of items produced, taxes, monetized, ----quality of life for people under ottoman rule did not change much x. Sipahi- mounted soldier, could be either Christian or Muslim xi. Hass xii. Rahaba- imminent domain over land, land grant doesn’t pass onto children, based on how much land they could farm on one pair of oxen b. Connections beyond the empire i. Safavids ii. Selim I (r.1512-1520)—religion brings him to isma’il, shi’a heresy iii. Shah Isma’il (r.1502-24) iv. Shi’a
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