Outline+3.17.pdf - Lecture Outline Unit 3.17 The civil war divided the regulations of American pharmacy Before the Civil War into two periods Regulation

Outline+3.17.pdf - Lecture Outline Unit 3.17 The civil war...

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Lecture Outline Unit 3.17 LEGISLATION AND REGULATION OF AMERICAN PHARMACY Before the Civil War Regulation was either undesirable or unenforceable 1736: Virginia sets fees for apothecaries and physicians 1751: South Carolina prohibits slaves from working in pharmacies 1770: Louisiana separates medicine, pharmacy, surgery 1808: Territory of Orleans (later, State of Louisiana) first to regulate pharmacy Examination and licensing by a Board of Examiners Controlled sale of deteriorated drugs, restricted poison sales Included a pharmacist (1816); prototype for state boards of pharmacy Law was enforced; Louis Dufilho’s La Pharmacie Française, New Orleans (1823) 1817-52: Laws passed in other southern states and New York City Some enforcement, but became “dead letters” after the Civil War After the Civil War Steady increase in regulation of pharmacy 1868: John M. Maisch’s “Report on Legislation” Provided the American Pharmaceutical Association with a “model law” Rank and file Association members opposed legal regulation of pharmacy practice 1870: Rhode Island: first modem pharmacy practice act 1870-1900: 45 states and territories pass similar acts Twentieth-Century Reform: From States’ Rights to Federal Control 1906: Federal Food and Drug Act: passage influenced by: Harvey W. Wiley (U.S. Bureau of Chemistry) Most influential; studied drug adulteration in Germany; spirit of civic righteousness
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